opinions on the vietnam war

It even speculated that willingness to accept defeat in Vietnam might improve the reputation of the United States with its NATO allies, who might view Washington’s willingness to cut its losses in a region of secondary importance as a sign of maturity rather than unreliability. The image won Browne the World Press Photo of the Year. Some believe that the media played a large role in the U.S. defeat. Eddie Adams photographed South Vietnamese police chief Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan killing Viet Cong suspect Nguyen Van Lem in Saigon in 1968. A South Vietnamese plane accidentally dropped napalm on its own troops and civilians. On January 31, 1968, some 70,000 DRV forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap launched the Tet Offensive (named for the lunar new year), a coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam. Even more disturbing, Johnson quickly added (following a script written by his predecessors Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy), the Communists in Vietnam were supported and guided by the Soviet Union and China.

That had been primary in their struggle. toward free enterprise and accommodation with the capitalistic

Source(s): https://shorte.im/baOWZ. All rights reserved. Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.

He attributed the failure to a lack of knowledge and judgment. Indeed, President George H. W. Bush held to many of these principles during the 1991 Persian Gulf War by ceasing military operations and exiting once the core military objective of liberating Kuwait had been achieved. By the end of 1967, Hanoi’s communist leadership was growing impatient as well, and sought to strike a decisive blow aimed at forcing the better-supplied United States to give up hopes of success. Perhaps African-Americans would call it the First War of Liberation. According to a survey by the Veterans Administration, some 500,000 of the 3 million troops who served in Vietnam suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and rates of divorce, suicide, alcoholism and drug addiction were markedly higher among veterans.

Reports of the Tet Offensive stunned the U.S. public, however, especially after news broke that Westmoreland had requested an additional 200,000 troops, despite repeated assurances that victory in the Vietnam War was imminent. They weren’t initially against the war, but they had difficulty in understanding it.

Even as the enemy body count (at times exaggerated by U.S. and South Vietnamese authorities) mounted steadily, DRV and Viet Cong troops refused to stop fighting, encouraged by the fact that they could easily reoccupy lost territory with manpower and supplies delivered via the Ho Chi Minh Trail through Cambodia and Laos. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In March 1965, Johnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U.S. combat forces into battle in Vietnam. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Noonan took leave from Boston to work in Vietnam for the Associated Press.

The young Navy pilot John McCain, son of a ...read more, Vietnamization was a strategy that aimed to reduce American involvement in the Vietnam War by transferring all military responsibilities to South Vietnam.

the war as a result of having been abandoned by the United States.

The introduction of that staggering lethality was the primary driver of a war that cost three million lives, half of them civilians. But alongside the “civil war” interpretation, a more radical critique developed — the view that America’s enemy in Vietnam was engaged in a long-term war for national liberation and independence, first from the French and then the United States. Many returning veterans faced negative reactions from both opponents of the war (who viewed them as having killed innocent civilians) and its supporters (who saw them as having lost the war), along with physical damage including the effects of exposure to the toxic herbicide Agent Orange, millions of gallons of which had been dumped by U.S. planes on the dense forests of Vietnam. The creation of the plumbers unit to "plug" the leaks on Vietnam planning at the Pentagon led to a constitutional crisis called Watergate, and a confrontation with Congress that led to the only presidential resignation. Though relatively little official data exists about female Vietnam War veterans, the Vietnam Women’s Memorial Foundation estimates that approximately 11,000 military women were ...read more, The Vietnam War (1955-1975) was fought between communist North Vietnam, backed by the Soviet Union and China, and South Vietnam, supported by the United States. Once again, the United States has waged brutal counterinsurgencies guaranteed to maim, kill or displace countless civilians. More than 3 million people (including over 58,000 Americans) were killed in the Vietnam War, and more than half of the dead were Vietnamese civilians. Commonly known as. The military convoy was on its way to relieve the camp when it was ambushed. position among Vietnamese veterans living in the United States. That had been primary in their struggle. The first sergeant of A Company, 101st Airborne Division, guided a medevac helicopter through the jungle to retrieve casualties near Hue in April 1968. Those agreements called for a temporary partition of Vietnam to be shortly followed by a nationwide election to choose a single leader for a unified Vietnam.

The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.

It also falls short because it depends on counterfactual claims that victory would have been achieved if only the United States had extended its support for Diem (instead of greenlighting his overthrow), or tried a different military strategy, or done a better job winning hearts and minds. was not arguing that the United States should end the war any time soon. Despite the concerns of some of his advisers about this escalation, and about the entire war effort amid a growing anti-war movement, Johnson authorized the immediate dispatch of 100,000 troops at the end of July 1965 and another 100,000 in 1966. In any case, American disillusionment with the war was a product of many causes, of which the media was only one. The Soviets would continue to act with “their usual caution” and would pull back in the face of new indications of American strength, according to the report.

betrayed. By 1957, the Viet Cong and other opponents of Diem’s repressive regime began fighting back with attacks on government officials and other targets, and by 1959 they had begun engaging the South Vietnamese army in firefights.

Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in July 1949, with the city of Saigon as its capital. Warfare had demolished the country’s infrastructure and economy, and reconstruction proceeded slowly. Our leaders, then and now, have insisted that the United States is “the greatest force for good in the world” that wants nothing for itself, only to defeat “terror” and bring peace, stability and self-determination to other lands. Frenchman Marc Riboud captured one of the most well-known anti-war images in 1967. A few described help from the Soviet Lyndon B. Johnson to state, “If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost Middle America.” The increasingly skeptical and pessimistic tone of reporting may have reflected rather than created similar feelings among the American public. 0 0. tuffy. Was America’s war in Vietnam a noble struggle against Communist aggression, a tragic intervention in a civil conflict, or an imperialist counterrevolution to crush a movement of national liberation?

The war started with President John Kennedy, who was voted into office in 1961 believed that Communism was a threat to the United States democracy. The Vietnam conflict is often referred to as the “first television war.” Film from Vietnam was flown to Tokyo for quick developing and editing and then flown on to the United States. As …

Even worse, he said success in one region would embolden America’s enemies to unleash new aggression elsewhere, creating immense perils for “our children and for our grandchildren.”, “I am convinced,” Johnson declared, “that by seeing this struggle through now, we are greatly reducing the chances of a much larger war — perhaps a nuclear war.”.

In this 1965 Henri Huet photograph, Chaplain John McNamara administers last rites to photographer Dickey Chapelle in South Vietnam. An editor manipulated a version of the image to remove the fence post above Vecchio's head, sparking controversy. President Lyndon Johnson conferring with officials about the Vietnam War, including, standing, Richard Helms, the director of central intelligence.

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